Definition of Nursing Diagnosis :
A nursing diagnosis is a clinical judgment about individual,family, or community responses to actual or potential health/life processes. Nursing diagnoses provide the basis for selection of nursing interventions to achieve outcomes for which the nurse is accountable.
Types of Nursing Diagnosis according to Nanda (North American Nursing Diagnosis Association):
According to the latest update of Nanda nursing diagnosis, nursing diagnoses can be divided in four types:
- Problem-focused diagnosis
- Risk diagnosis
- Health promotion diagnosis
- A syndrome
A clinical judgment concerning an undesirable human response to a health condition/life process that exists in an individual, family, group, or community
A clinical judgment concerning the vulnerability of an individual, family, group or community for developing an undesirable human response to health conditions/life processes
Health promotion nursing diagnosis
A clinical judgment concerning motivation and desire to increase well-being and to actualize human health potential. These responses are expressed by a readiness to enhance specific health behaviors, and can be used in any heath state. Health promotion responses may exist in an individual, family, group, or community
A syndrome nursing diagnosis
Although limited in number in the NANDA-I taxonomy but can be present. A syndrome is a clinical judgment concerning a specific cluster of nursing diagnoses that occur together, and are best addressed together and through similar interventions. An example of a syndrome is chronic pain syndrome. Chronic pain is recurrent or persistent pain that has lasted at least three months and that significantly affects daily functioning or well-being. This syndrome is differentiated from chronic pain in that additionally the chronic pain has a significant impact on other human responses and thus includes other diagnoses, such as disturbed sleep pattern, social isolation, fatigue, or impaired physical mobility.